Volkswagen is just commencing to ramp up production of electric powered autos based mostly on its MEB platform, but the automaker is presently wondering of how to recycle battery packs the moment these automobiles have achieved the stop of their lifecycles.
VW declared on Tuesday that it will scale up a approach for recovering raw resources from employed EV batteries. The automaker opened what it calls a pilot battery-recycling plant in Salzgitter, Germany, earlier this yr, and hopes to open up similar vegetation all over the earth.
The Salzgitter plant can recover up to 95% of uncooked supplies from a battery pack for probable reuse, such as lithium, nickel, cobalt, and manganese, VW claimed in a press launch. Latest recycling methods, which basically include melting down batteries in a furnace, can only get well 60% of raw elements, the automaker mentioned.
VW’s technique includes disassembling employed battery packs, retaining any usable cells, and shredding the relaxation. This final results in a sludge of metals and the liquid electrolyte, which is then drained absent. The remaining dry granules of content are then sifted and sorted.
VW claimed the Salzgitter plant can deal with up to 3,600 battery packs a 12 months. The automaker has said just before that it plans to create these types of amenities all around the world—and, viewing that the launch originated with Volkswagen of America, for the United States, much too.
Volkswagen battery recycling
That is in maintaining with VW’s system to continue to keep auto and battery manufacturing localized, with modern factories around the environment, including in Tennessee. That factory is scheduled to start out developing electrical cars in 2022, and will do some engineering function linked to battery packs as properly.
VW is not the only automaker working to get well uncooked elements from battery packs. Tesla established up battery recycling at its Nevada Gigafactory in 2019.
Nissan and Sumitomo opened a recycling plant for Nissan Leaf batteries in Japan in 2018. So much Nissan has not introduced a cohesive program for U.S. Leaf batteries, whilst Tesla co-founder JB Straubel’s Redwood Products has reportedly arrived at an settlement with the packs’ producer, Visualize AESC.
BMW is working with Swedish battery supplier Northvolt and Belgian resources-processing corporation Umicore, with the objective of disassembling applied battery packs and placing the uncooked supplies straight back into new cells made by Northvolt.
In addition to programs for recycling, Audi is placing some of its batteries to do the job in manufacturing facility tugs, wherever their diminished capability isn’t going to make any difference so a great deal.