The Toyota Prius may perhaps have popularized hybrid vehicles, but it was by no signifies the initial hybrid to reach production. This 1916 Owen Magnetic predates the Prius by about 80 yrs. It can be now aspect of Jay Leno’s enormous motor vehicle collection, and was featured on a modern episode of his Jay Leno’s Garage YouTube present.
The Owen Magnetic is not just amazing for being an early hybrid. It also used a form of hybrid powertrain that automakers are however functioning to ideal a century afterwards. This car is a series hybrid, with the motor performing only as a generator—with a small battery to be made use of as a buffer—rather than driving the wheels straight, as in series-parallel hybrids like the Prius.
Owen Magnetic modes of operation – Jay Leno’s Garage
A gasoline inline-6 motor delivers power to an electric powered motor by spinning a horseshoe-shaped magnet hooked up to its output shaft. That did away with a regular transmission, which was a main advantage in a time very long just before the mass adoption of automated gearboxes, Leno noted in the video clip.
A selector on the steering column authorized the driver to decide on distinctive speeds, and the car or truck even functions regenerative braking.
The Owen Magnetic was conceived much more as an prolonged-assortment electric automobile than a hybrid as we might consider of them right now. Electric powered autos were being quite widespread all over the flip of the 20th century, and constrained selection was as significantly of a problem then as now.
By 1916, nevertheless, gasoline was currently considered as the propulsion procedure of choice for mass-sector cars. In comparison to a gasoline-only powertrain, the Owen Magnetic hybrid was heavier and much more expensive.
Other organizations manufactured sporadic makes an attempt at hybrids above the years. Leno earlier drove a distinctive, peculiar hybrid—one that in this case was under no circumstances developed: the 1980 Briggs & Stratton Hybrid. Conceived in response to the 1979 oil crisis, it experienced 6 wheels, and authorized the driver to choose no matter if the car or truck was driven by a very small gasoline engine, an electric powered motor, or both equally.
1916 Owen Magnetic – Jay Leno’s Garage
Hybrids did not grow to be definitely mainstream right up until the Prius, which Leno has termed a long term collectible. It also established the template for series-parallel hybrids, diverging from the thought laid out by the Owen Magnetic.
The Chevrolet Volt labored as a sequence hybrid in some cases, as do present-day Honda hybrids. But in the two scenarios they’re not completely laid out that way.
Sequence hybrids may possibly finally have their working day, though. Nissan suggests its e-Energy method will be a big portion of its long run, and that goes for the automaker’s Infiniti luxury brand as perfectly.